Batchu H, Rakowski D, Fan PL, Meyer DM. Evaluating amalgam separators using an international standard. The Journal of the American Dental Association. 2006 Jul 1;137(7):999-1005.
This laboratory evaluation shows that amalgam separators and the filtration devices removed at least 97.05 percent of the amalgam in samples with particle-size distribution as specified in ISO Standard 11143.